What is Permaculture and Where Did It Originate?

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What is Permaculture and Where Did It Originate?

Post by Admin on Mon Feb 09, 2015 11:50 am

What is permaculture?

It is a natural design science, mimicking the patterns of nature to help with regeneration of landscapes and communities.  We can do this in the form of creating edible gardens or forests or help organisations and schools to co-operate more effectively.

Where does permaculture come from?
Permaculture is derived from permanent agriculture and permanent culture. It is the development of agricultural ecosystems intended to be sustainable and self-sufficient.  

Who introduced it?
2 Australians, Bill Mollison and David Holmgren founded permaculture in the 1970s. After several years travelling and studying indigenous cultures, Bill saw a natural co-operation between these people and nature. They lived in harmony with each other and the natural world.
Bill coined the 3 ethics below. Later, David, one of Bill’s students, added 12 well known principles to help deliver permaculture.
The ethics are the most important part of Permaculture.

Ethics
Earth Care
People Care
Limits Aware– Setting Limits to consumption and Population (most commonly known as Fare share)

Most well known principles

1. Observe and interact
2. Catch and store energy
3. Obtain a yield
4. Apply self-regulation and accept feedback
5. Use and value renewable resources and services
6. Produce no waste
7. Design from  patterns to details
8. Integrate rather than segregate
9. Use small and slow solutions
10. Use and value diversity
11. Use and value edges and the marginal
12. Creatively use and respond to change

These can all be used in land based situations or people based ones.

There are also several  other principles by other well known permaculture designers such as Toby Hemenway, Rosemary Morrow, Michael Pilarski, Peter Bane and of course Bill Mollison.

REMEMBER - PERMACULTURE IS A NATURAL DESIGN SCIENCE. IT IS NOT JUST FOR LAND BASED ENVIRONMENTS BUT FOR PEOPLE BASED ONES TOO

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